Biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel HawthorneAmerican author wrote the Gothic Romance The Scarlet Letter ; In a moment, however, wisely judging that one token of her shame would but poorly serve to hide another, she took the baby on her arm, and with a burning blush, and yet a haughty smile, and a glance that would not be abashed, looked around at her townspeople and neighbours. On the breast of her gown, in fine red cloth, surrounded with an elaborate embroidery and fantastic flourishes of gold thread, appeared the letter A. The Scarlet Letter achieved much critical acclaim for Hawthorne.
The family, which consisted of nine children, lived in Brooklyn and Long Island in the s and s. At the age of twelve, Whitman began to learn the printer's trade, and fell in love with the written word. Largely self-taught, he read voraciously, becoming acquainted with the works of HomerDanteShakespeareand the Bible.
Whitman worked as a printer in New York City until a devastating fire in the printing district demolished the industry. Inat the age of seventeen, he began his career as teacher in the one-room school houses of Long Island.
He continued to teach untilwhen he turned to journalism as a full-time career. He founded a weekly newspaper, Long-Islander, and later edited a number of Brooklyn and New York papers.
It was in New Orleans that he experienced firsthand the viciousness of slavery in the slave markets of that city. On his return to Brooklyn in the fall ofhe founded a "free soil" newspaper, the Brooklyn Freeman, and continued to develop the unique style of poetry that later so astonished Ralph Waldo Emerson.
InWhitman took out a copyright on the first edition of Leaves of Grass, which consisted of twelve untitled poems and a preface. He published the volume himself, and sent a copy to Emerson in July of Whitman released a second edition of the book incontaining thirty-three poems, a letter from Emerson praising the first edition, and a long open letter by Whitman in response.
During his lifetime, Whitman continued to refine the volume, publishing several more editions of the book. Noted Whitman scholar, M. Jimmie Killingsworth writes that "the 'merge,' as Whitman conceived it, is the tendency of the individual self to overcome moral, psychological, and political boundaries.
Thematically and poetically, the notion dominates the three major poems of He worked as a freelance journalist and visited the wounded at New York City—area hospitals. He then traveled to Washington, D.
Overcome by the suffering of the many wounded in Washington, Whitman decided to stay and work in the hospitals and stayed in the city for eleven years.
He took a job as a clerk for the Department of the Interior, which ended when the Secretary of the Interior, James Harlan, discovered that Whitman was the author of Leaves of Grass, which Harlan found offensive. Harlan fired the poet. Whitman struggled to support himself through most of his life.
In Washington, he lived on a clerk's salary and modest royalties, and spent any excess money, including gifts from friends, to buy supplies for the patients he nursed. He had also been sending money to his widowed mother and an invalid brother.
From time to time writers both in the states and in England sent him "purses" of money so that he could get by. In the early s, Whitman settled in Camden, New Jersey, where he had come to visit his dying mother at his brother's house.
However, after suffering a stroke, Whitman found it impossible to return to Washington. He stayed with his brother until the publication of Leaves of Grass James R. Osgood gave Whitman enough money to buy a home in Camden.
In the simple two-story clapboard house, Whitman spent his declining years working on additions and revisions to a new edition of the book and preparing his final volume of poems and prose, Good-Bye, My Fancy David McKay, After his death on March 26,Whitman was buried in a tomb he designed and had built on a lot in Harleigh Cemetery.
Along with Emily Dickinsonhe is considered one of America's most important poets. Osgood, Passage to India J. Redfield, Leaves of Grass J. Redfield, Leaves of Grass William E. Chapin, Drum Taps William E.The biography of Ralph Waldo Emerson is in some ways a history of America literature and American thought in the 19th century.
Emerson, born into a family of ministers, became known as a controversial thinker in the late s. Watch video · Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, , in Concord, Massachusetts.
He began writing nature poetry in the s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and friend. In he began his famous two-year stay on Walden Pond, which he wrote about in his master work, grupobittia.com: Jul 12, Ralph Waldo Emerson, (born May 25, , Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.—died April 27, , Concord, Massachusetts), American lecturer, poet, and essayist, the leading exponent of New England Transcendentalism..
Early life and works. Emerson was the son of the Reverend William Emerson, a Unitarian clergyman and friend of the arts. . Centenary Edition The Complete Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson Volume I – Nature, Addresses & Lectures Nature: Introduction I.
Nature II. Commodity III. Beauty IV. Language V. Discipline VI. Idealism VII. Spirit VIII. Prospects The American Scholar Divinity School Address Literary Ethics The Method of Nature Man the Reformer Introductory Lecture on the Times The [ ].
American poet, essayist, and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson was born on May 25, , in Boston, Massachusetts. After studying at Harvard and teaching for a brief time, Emerson entered the ministry.
He was appointed to the Old Second Church in his native city, but soon became an unwilling preacher. RALPH WALDO EMERSON, the most original of American philosophers and essayists, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, May 25, , and he died at Concord, in his native State, April 27, His father was a Unitarian minister, and the boy was trained for the same profession.
|Recent Forum Posts on Ralph Waldo Emerson||References and Further Reading 1. The cultural milieu of Boston at the turn of the nineteenth century would increasingly be marked by the conflict between its older conservative values and the radical reform movements and social idealists that emerged in the decades leading up through the s.|
|Emma Lazarus | American poet | grupobittia.com||His father, pastor of the First Unitarian Church of Boston, chaplain of the Massachusetts Senate, and an editor of Monthly Anthology, a literary review, once described two-year-old son Waldo as "a rather dull scholar.|
|Ralph Waldo Emerson | Poetry Foundation||About Ralph Waldo Emerson Biography Ralph Waldo Emerson May 25, — April 27, was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who was a leading figure of the Transcendentalist movement of the midth century.|
|The full text of Self Reliance by Emerson.||After studying at Harvard and teaching for a brief time, Emerson entered the ministry.|