Justice and Magnanimity"
Paramilitarism and Structures of Trust in Colombia U. Cada quien tiene sus propios recuerdos y evocaciones.
Al hacerlo, las cortes encargadas de vigilar el intercambio comercial han ampliado y consolidado su mandato. El balance es modesto. Insights from the Global South.
Cameroon Journal of Democracy and Human Rights 6 1 Within such a context, this paper focuses on the extent to which the judicialization of trade policy in the Union and its diffusion externally have impacted on states which are members of the European Free Trade Association EFTAreflecting the process of Europeanization as a manifestation of the Union external governance.
Within such a context, this paper focuses on the extent to which the judicialization see Ehrenhaft of trade policy in the Union and its diffusion externally have impacted on states which are members of the European Free Trade Association EFTAreflecting the process of Europeanization see Schimmelfennig as a manifestation of Union external governance.
Philippe De Lombaerde, Associate Director, United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies, Bruges Belgiumfor having first proposed the submission of this article for publication as well as for his counsel throughout; Laura Wills Otero, Chief Editor, and Norman Mora Quintero, Editorial Assistant, of Colombia Internacional for their advice and support in its preparation; and finally the two anonymous reviewers whose erudite observations greatly contributed to the author crystallizing his own views and to contextualizing the piece.
The usual disclaimer applies. The last section concludes the article. Europeanization and the EFTA States Although the focus of the present work is the judicialization of the European trading area, the context within which this process has occurred and continues to evolve is considered by political scientists and international relations experts alike as the Europeanization of structures and methods of behaviour resulting from the impact of the European Union, both internally and externally.
In its attempts to transfer certain norms and rules beyond its borders, the EU can avail itself directly of its acquis, its consensually-agreed internal policy templates, already legitimized by their adoption, implementation and enforcement by EU Member States.
It is this legitimacy of the norms which acts as a decisive factor for rule adoption or norm diffusion in the absence or weakness of power-based strategies such as membership conditionality.
In essence, it is argued that the way in which EU rules are communicated and transferred to nonMember States influences the likelihood of their adoption see Schimmelfennig and Sedelmeier ; Franck In this sense, the analytical framework already provided for the Europeanization effects on actual or prospective Member States must be reconfigured in order to deal with the specificities of the EFTA case.
The remaining EFTA States were thus forced to look to alternative methods in order to manage their deep trading and policy relations while acknowledging that the strong asymmetry in market size and trade shares results in the farreaching formal or informal adoption of highly legalized EU rules by the quasi-members.
The basic mechanism behind the Europeanization of the quasi-members is a highly institutionalized form of conditionality granting equal market access in return for rule adoption […]. Moreover, the present author would still contend that socialization Kelley ; Risse-Kappen, Ropp, and Sikkink ; Schimmelfennig, Engert, and Knobel itself still has a role to play in the Europeanization of EFTA national and regional judiciaries as the basis for norm diffusion, especially in the form of Court of Justice rulings.
Tatham Having presented the wide conceptual background to the impulses affecting Europeanization in EFTA and its Member States, this study will concentrate on an even more closely delimited part of this complex process, by focusing on the national and supranational judiciaries in EFTA.
In particular, it will consider the extent and under what conditions the Union acquis including Court of Justice rulings has been successfully promoted or diffused in EFTA State courts or the EFTA Court itself in their decision-making processes Lavenex Background Trade relations between the states in the EU and EFTA have always been considered important since the foundation of these two regional organizations in the s and s.
Nevertheless, while free trade has remained at the heart of both organizations, their respective development has reflected different aspirations.
Political commitment to the process was represented by the setting up of a High Level Steering Group.is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
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Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. men living together according to reason, without a common superior with authority to judge between them.
in foro interno/externo (Hobbes) universal political obligations. the duty to obey the law of land (in normal circumstances) simply because it is .