An overview of water soluble vitamins and its biological use

These vitamins are easily destroyed or washed out during food storage and preparation. The B-complex group is found in a variety of foods: Citrus fruits are good sources of vitamin C.

An overview of water soluble vitamins and its biological use

It is directly related to the term "organization". There is a long tradition of defining organisms as self-organizing beings, going back at least to Immanuel Kant 's Critique of Judgment. Dictionary definitions can be broad, using phrases such as "any living structure, such as a plant, animal, fungus or bacterium, capable of growth and reproduction".

Non-cellular life Viruses are not typically considered to be organisms because they are incapable of autonomous reproductiongrowth or metabolism. This controversy is problematic because some cellular organisms are also incapable of independent survival but are capable of independent metabolism and procreation and live as obligatory intracellular parasites.

An overview of water soluble vitamins and its biological use

Although viruses have a few enzymes and molecules characteristic of living organisms, they have no metabolism of their own; they cannot synthesize and organize the organic compounds from which they are formed.

Naturally, this rules out autonomous reproduction: In this sense, they are similar to inanimate matter. While viruses sustain no independent metabolism, and thus are usually not classified as organisms, they do have their own genesand they do evolve by mechanisms similar to the evolutionary mechanisms of organisms.

The most common argument in support of viruses as living organisms is their ability to undergo evolution and replicate through self-assembly. Some scientists argue that viruses neither evolve, nor self- reproduce.

In fact, viruses are evolved by their host cells, meaning that there was co-evolution of viruses and host cells. If host cells did not exist, viral evolution would be impossible. This is not true for cells.

If viruses did not exist, the direction of cellular evolution could be different, but cells would nevertheless be able to evolve. As for the reproduction, viruses totally rely on hosts' machinery to replicate.

The presence of these genes suggested that viruses were once able to metabolize. However, it was found later that the genes coding for energy and protein metabolism have a cellular origin.

Most likely, these genes were acquired through horizontal gene transfer from viral hosts. The same laws that govern non-living chemistry govern the chemical processes of life. It is generally the phenomena of entire organisms that determine their fitness to an environment and therefore the survivability of their DNA -based genes.

Water-Soluble Vitamins: B-Complex and Vitamin C - - ExtensionExtension

Organisms clearly owe their origin, metabolism, and many other internal functions to chemical phenomena, especially the chemistry of large organic molecules.

Organisms are complex systems of chemical compounds that, through interaction and environment, play a wide variety of roles. Organisms are semi-closed chemical systems.Dec 26,  · Vitamin A. An important fat-soluble vitamin, vitamin A’s basic molecule is a retinol, or vitamin A alcohol.

Differential Diagnosis: Several Causes of Microcytic Anemia

After absorption, retinol is transported via chylomicrons to the liver, where it is either stored as retinol ester or reexported into the plasma in combination with . Español. Summary. Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble grupobittia.com most mammals and other animals, humans do not have the ability to make ascorbic acid and must obtain vitamin C from the diet.

This review focuses on the biological properties and consequent technological roles of intestinal bacteria with potential health-promoting capacities, and provides selected examples available in the literature that are pertinent to the aforementioned concepts.

Vitamin - Wikipedia

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living grupobittia.com is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic grupobittia.com chemical formula is H 2 O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen.

Overview Information Siberian ginseng is a plant. People use the root of the plant to make medicine. Siberian ginseng is often called an “adaptogen.”. Aug 25,  · Vitamin B (cobalamin) and folate biochemistry.

The primary sources of cobalamin (Clb), a cobalt-containing vitamin, are meat, fish, and dairy products and not vegetables and fruit.

water-soluble vitamin - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics