Posted on April 3rd, at 5:
Formation[ edit ] The origins of the National Security Agency can be traced back to April 28,three weeks after the U. Congress declared war on Germany in World War I.
A code and cipher decryption unit was established as the Cable and Telegraph Section which was also known as the Cipher Bureau.
During the course of the war it was relocated in the army's organizational chart several times.
On July 5,Herbert O. Yardley was assigned to head the unit. At that point, the unit consisted of Yardley and two civilian clerks. It absorbed the navy's Cryptanalysis functions in July Black Chamber Black Chamber cryptanalytic work sheet for solving Japanese diplomatic cipher, After the disbandment of the U.
Army cryptographic section of military intelligence, known as MI-8, inthe U. The Black Chamber was the United States' first peacetime cryptanalytic organization. Its true mission, however, was to break the communications chiefly diplomatic of other nations.
Its most notable known success was at the Washington Naval Conferenceduring which it aided American negotiators considerably by providing them with the decrypted traffic of many of the conference delegations, most notably the Japanese.
Despite the Chamber's initial successes, it was shut down in by U. Secretary of State Henry L. Stimsonwho defended his decision by stating, "Gentlemen do not read each other's mail". Department of Defense under the command of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Truman ordered a panel to investigate how AFSA had failed to achieve its goals. The results of the investigation led to improvements and its redesignation as the National Security Agency.
Due to its ultra-secrecy the U. However a variety of technical and operational problems limited their use, allowing the North Vietnamese to exploit and intercept U.
Kennedy to assassinate Fidel Castro.Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July is a South African politician who was the President of South Africa from to , the first ever to be elected in a fully representative and multi-racial election. His administration focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid, as .
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A Few Abbreviations.
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