Decline thesis abolition debate

It was followed by others sent by his brother Jonathan 15 years later, by Simeon inand by Hyrcanus I in

Decline thesis abolition debate

Decline thesis abolition debate its peak, profitable plantation colonies such as Jamaica produced and shipped unprecedented amounts of sugar, rum, and coffee to Britain and the mainland colonies in North America.

With the success of antislavery action in ending the slave trade and slavery, the forecast for the continued success and record achievements for the plantation system was not positive.

Further, with the abolition of the slave trade inthe plantation system could no longer rely on a steady supply of enslaved labor from Africa resulting in a significantly reduced labor force that became a common feature during this important transition to freedom.

To compound matters further, the relative successes gained during the Haitian Revolution and the Napoleonic conflict dissipated because the high prices sustained during this period of expansion were replaced by a steep fall in prices: The final and perhaps most devastating blow during this transitional period was the emergence of alternative sources for sugar coming mainly from Brazil and Cuba, the growth of beet in Continental Europe, and the loss of protection West Indian sugar enjoyed for many centuries.

The intersection of these factors resulted in the dramatic economic decline of a region that was once at the center of the Atlantic trading system. What was evident is that once profitable estates laid in ruins, and colonies that were at the forefront of Atlantic commerce were now producing less than half their highest levels.

General Overviews While scholars agree that the plantation system was moribund by the late 19th century, there is general disagreement on the timing of its decline. Williams and Ragatz noted that the system was overheating from as early as the American War of Independence in Williams further argued that Britain abolished the slave trade in because the British West Indian colonies, with the use of enslaved labor, were inefficient and thus declined in profitability and importance to Britain.

This interpretation of colonial inefficiency and decline has been the subject of criticism by many, most notably in Drescherwhich argues that the colonies were highly efficient and productive enterprises even up to the time of abolition. Therefore, the decline of the British West Indian plantation system started after the Napoleonic Wars, and at a time when Britain was committed to the emancipation of slavery.

Interest in the decline thesis has not dwindled and as such there have been important works that provide important surveys of the nuances in the historiography.

Solow and Engerman contribute to the debate surrounding abolition with an important collection that examined the life and work of Williams. Morgan reflects on two important themes of the Williams thesis. Paquette and Smith provide coverage of some of the main themes on slavery and abolition.

The Debate over Eric Williams.


Provides a comprehensive review of the historiography on Williams Important work that aims to show that leading British historians such as W.

Lecky had preceded Williams in rejecting the traditional interpretation about British antislavery and abolition, focusing instead on a narrative of decline.

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British Slavery in the Era of Abolition. University of Pittsburgh Press, Drescher used trading as his key variable to show that at the time of abolition, the British West Indian colonies were enjoying a significant share of the British market in tropical staples.

Atlantic Trade and the British Economy, — Cambridge University Press, The Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas.

Oxford University Press, The first section documents the regional variations of slavery while the second provides useful information on a variety of themes such as the economics of slavery, slave resistance, abolition and antislavery, and emancipation.

A Study in Social and Economic History.


Originally published in British Capitalism and Caribbean Slavery: The Legacy of Eric Williams. The essays explore in varying ways the life and work of Williams, with particular emphasis on the four main themes in Capitalism and Slavery Williams University of North Carolina Press, Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.

Decline thesis abolition debate

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Thus, the American Revolution inaugurated not a decline in the British slave system (and hence offering an economic argument for supporting abolition), but witnessed, instead, a huge spike in .

Mary Wollstonecraft was the focus in the first of these pages, but here the focus switches to the writings of her husband, William Godwin, the father of her second daughter, Mary particular, we study Godwin's theoretical controversy with the clergyman, Thomas Malthus.

(Malthus was a distant neighbor of Jane Austen.). Econocide: British Slavery in the Era of Abolition [Seymour Drescher] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

In this classic analysis and refutation of Eric Williams's thesis, Seymour Drescher argues that Britain's abolition of the slave trade in resulted not from the diminishing value of slavery for Great Britain .

Suggested Citation:"8 Historical Background to Current Immigration Issues."National Research Council. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration.

Appearing in , Capitalism and Slavery was a comprehensive attempt to explain the rise and fall of British colonial slavery in relation to the evolution of European world-capitalism. 1 In dealing with the final stages of slavery, Eric Williams developed a two-pronged argument linking its demise. As we approach the bicentenary of Britain’s abolition of its slave trade in , debate over the origins of this remarkable event remains as lively as ever. At the heart of this debate lies the issue of the relative importance of economic and non-economic factors in determining abolition. Support New America — We are dedicated to renewing America by continuing the quest to realize our nation's highest ideals, honestly confronting the challenges caused by rapid technological and social change, and seizing the opportunities those changes create.

Support New America — We are dedicated to renewing America by continuing the quest to realize our nation's highest ideals, honestly confronting the challenges caused by rapid technological and social change, and seizing the opportunities those changes create.

The Sugar Industry and the Abolition of the Slave Trade,