Philip KoopmanCarnegie Mellon University October, Abstract Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the full paper. This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract for both conference and journal papers. Writers should follow a checklist consisting of:
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Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.
Do not use titles Dr. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information.
|Introduction||Because Internet technology is constantly changing, so is the APA documentation style for information published on the Net. The purpose of this Web page is to provide you with the most up-to-date information about APA style for documenting electronic sources.|
|A Comprehensive Abstract Sheet for Your Next Science Fair Project||The abstract is an important component of your thesis. Presented at the beginning of the thesis, it is likely the first substantive description of your work read by an external examiner.|
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Rather than a traditional step-by-step guide to photography. Learn how to write a reference letter. Professional writer Larry Barkdull shares must-know reference letter writing tips. The abstract acts as the second major section of the document and typically begins on the second page of the paper.
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Please click here for a System Check before you login. On the first line of the abstract page, center the word “Abstract” (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks).
Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.